Ductility Test of Bitumen

To determine the ductility of distillation residue of cutback bitumen, blown type bitumen and other bituminous products as per IS: 1208 – 1978.

The ductility of a bituminous material is measured by the distance in cm to which it will elongate before breaking when a standard briquette specimen of the material is pulled apart at a specified speed and a specified temperature.


Image result for bitumen ductility testing machine
Ductility testing machine

i) Standard mould
ii) Water bath
iii) Testing machine
iv) Thermometer – Range 0 to 44oC, Graduation 0.2oC . 

i) Completely melt the bituminous material to be tested by heating it to a temperature of 75 to 100oC above the approximate softening point until it becomes thoroughly fluid. Assemble the mould on a brass plate and in order to prevent the material under test from sticking, thoroughly coat the surface of the plate and the interior surfaces of the sides of the mould with a mixture of equal parts of glycerin and dextrin. While filling, pour the material in a thin stream back and forth from end to end of the mould until it is more than level full. Leave it to cool at room temperature for 30 to 40
minutes and then place it in a water bath maintained at the specified temperature for 30 minutes, after which cut off the excess bitumen by means of a hot, straight-edged putty knife or spatula, so that the mould is just level full.

ii) Place the brass plate and mould with briquette specimen in the water bath and keep it at the specified temperature for about 85 to 95 minutes. Remove the briquette from the
plate, detach the side pieces and the briquette immediately.

iii) Attach the rings at each end of the two clips to the pins or hooks in the testing machine and pull the two clips apart horizontally at a uniform speed, as specified, until the briquette ruptures. Measure the distance in cm through which the clips have been pulled to produce rupture. While the test is being done, make sure that the water in the tank of the testing machine covers the specimen both above and below by at least 25mm and the temperature is maintained continuously within ± 0.5oC of the specified temperature.

A normal test is one in which the material between the two clips pulls out to a point or to a thread and rupture occurs where the cross-sectional area is minimum. Report the average of three normal tests as the ductility of the sample, provided the three determinations be within ± 0.5 percent of their mean value. If the values of the three determinations do not lie within ± 0.5 percent of their mean, but the two higher values are within ± 0.5 percent of their mean, then record the mean of the two higher values as the test result.

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