Depending upon their constituents there are various types of paints. A brief description of some of them which are commonly used are given below:
- Oil Paint:
These paints are applied in three coats-primer, undercoat and finishing coat. The presence of dampness while applying the primer adversely affect the life of oil paint. This paint is cheap and easy to apply.
- Enamel Paint:
It contains white lead, oil, petroleum spirit and resinous material. The surface provided by it resists acids, alkalies and water very well. It is desirable to apply a coat of titanium white before the coat of enamel is applied. It can be used both for external and internal walls.
- Emulsion Paint: It contains binding materials such as polyvinyl acetate, synthetic resins etc. It dries in 1 1 2 2 hours and it is easy to apply. It is more durable and can be cleaned with water. For plastered surfaces, first a coat of cement paint should be applied and then the emulsion point. Emulsion paint needs sound surfaces.
- Cement Paint: It is available in powder form. It consists of white cement, pigment and other additives. It is durable and exhibits excellent decorative appearance. It should be applied on rough surfaces rather than on smooth surfaces. It is applied in two coats. First coat is applied on wet surface but free from excess water and allowed to dry for 24 hours. The second coat is then applied which gives good appearance.
- Bituminous Paints: This type of paint is manufactured by dissolving asphalt or vegetable bitumen in oil or petroleum. It is black in colour. It is used for painting iron works underwater.
- Synthetic Rubber Paint: This paint is prepared from resins. It dries quickly and is little affected by weather and sunlight. It resists chemical attack well. This paint may be applied even on fresh concrete. Its cost is moderate and it can be applied easily.
- Aluminium Paint: It contains finely ground aluminium in spirit or oil varnish. It is visible in darkness also. The surfaces of iron and steel are protected well with this paint. It is widely used for painting gas tanks, water pipes and oil tanks.
- Anti-corrosive Paint: It consists essentially of oil, a strong dier, lead or zinc chrome and finely ground sand. It is cheap and resists corrosion well. It is black in colour. Application of Paint Preparation of surface for application of paint is the most important part in painting. The surface to be painted should not be oily and it should be from flakes of the old paint. Cracks in the surface should be filled with putty and then with sand paper. Then primer is applied. Painting work should be carried out in dry weather. The under coats and first coats must be allowed to dry before final coat is applied.
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