Consolidation and compaction are totally different process. Though both process results a reduction in volume, it is important to know the difference between them.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN COMPACTION AND CONSOLIDATION ARE AS FOLLOWS:
- It is a instant process, it can be used for all type of soil.
- It is an artificial process.
- Dynamic loads by rapid mechanical methods like tamping, rolling and vibration are applied for a small interval in soil compaction.
- In compaction, soil changes from partially to fully saturation condition.
- Compaction is due to expulsion and compression of air in soil mass under short duration by moving or vibratory loads.
- Dry density of soil increases but water content will remains same.
- It is a slow process, it can be used for only clayey type of soil.
- It is a natural process.
- Static and sustained loading is applied for a long interval in soil consolidation.
- In consolidation, soil remains in fully saturation condition.
- Consolidation is due to expulsion of pore water from voids under steady, static,long term load.
- Dry density of soil increases but water content will decreases.
Difference in the form of table: